During the construction of the Panama canal, the initial attempts by France to construct a sea-level canal across the isthmus were secured through treaty with Colombia; however French cost overruns and corruption in the Panama scandals led to abandonment of the Canal for a decade.  By this stage the writers had already talked about a chase sequence along the Great Wall, as well as a fight scene amongst the Terracotta Army. While not the official name of the city, this is the location that the area is in modern day. It was the fifth consecutive, and final, Bond film to be directed by John Glen, as well as the last to feature actors Robert Brown as M and Caroline Bliss as Miss Moneypenny, and the final Bond film to utilise the services of screenwriter Richard Maibaum, title designer Maurice Binder, and producer Albert R. Broccoli; Maibaum and Binder died in 1991, and Broccoli in 1996. It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth.  Kroll was mixed in his appraisal of Dalton, calling him "a fine actor who hasn't yet stamped Bond with his own personality", observing "Director John Glen is the Busby Berkeley of action flicks, and his chorus line is the legendary team of Bond stunt-persons who are at their death-defying best here". Bond learns that Sanchez's scientists can dissolve cocaine in petrol and then sell it disguised as fuel to Asian drug dealers.  Before the pair could develop the script, the Writers Guild of America (WGA) went on strike and Maibaum was unable to continue writing, leaving Wilson to work on the script on his own. Bouvier arrives and shoots Dario, allowing Bond to pull Dario into the shredder, killing him. " Writing in The Guardian's sister paper, The Observer, Philip French noted that "despite the playful sparkle in his eyes, Timothy Dalton's Bond is ... serious here. Csavil then surrendered on behalf of the faction and punished oPeriander. , Some critics, such as James Berardinelli, saw a fundamental weakness in the film: the "overemphasis on story may be a mistake, because there are times when Licence to Kill's narrative bogs down.  The 2006 Ultimate Edition DVD of Licence to Kill marked the first release of the film without cuts.  Other underwater sequences were shot at the Isla Mujeres near Cancún. Rank 2  The President of Isthmus was played by Pedro Armendáriz, Jr., the son of Pedro Armendáriz, who played Ali Kerim Bey in From Russia with Love.  Arnold opined that "demanding that he [Dalton] play Bond's wrathfulness in a transparently seething and hotheaded manner" means that Dalton "seems to waste away on this second outing as Bond. Apr 25, 2016 - Explore Van Andy's board "Isthmus of Panama", followed by 205 people on Pinterest. " Jack Kroll, writing in Newsweek, described Licence to Kill as "a pure, rousingly entertaining action movie". " Norman Wilner of MSN considered Licence to Kill the second worst Bond film, above only A View to a Kill, but defended Dalton, saying he "got a raw deal. Mexico City, Distrito Federal, Mexico (fictional setting: Isthmus City and the Republic of Isthmus in South America) (locations: Main Post Office Building, Banco de Isthmus, Gran Hotel de la Ciudad de Mexico) (interiors: Hotel El Presidente, El Teatro de la Ciudad, Sanchez's office) (exteriors: Biblioteca de la Banco de Mexico, Hotel El Presidente, Casino Espanol, Isthmus Casino) On November 25, 2017, the republic was payed a visit by GalacticFurai, the Queen of Switzerland.  David Hedison returned to play Felix Leiter, sixteen years after playing the character in Live and Let Die. Isthmus Republic , In August 1988, production moved to the Florida Keys, notably Key West. They are joined by Fallon, an MI6 agent who was sent by M to apprehend Bond. Licence to Kill premiered at the Odeon Leicester Square in London on 13 June 1989, raising £200,000 (£501,238 in 2021 pounds) for The Prince's Trust on the night. The republic is bounded on the east by the Republic of Colombia, and on the west by that of Costa Rica. BeauboLaxstingray The song (one of the longest to ever be used in a Bond film) was based on the "horn line" from "Goldfinger", seen as an homage to the film of the same name, which required royalty payments to the original writers. "It is a very noisy film. "Bond 50: Licence To Kill". Isthmus: Volume 2 (The Widow Walk Saga) by LaSalle, Gar Book The Fast Free. While this was a white peace, it weakened relations between Switzerland and the Isthmus Republic. , For the climactic tanker chase, the producers used an entire section of a highway near Mexicali, which had been closed for safety reasons. Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Birth Day 9 january. Documentary about the cultural, economic and political implications of love in contemporary China, plus Q&A with producer (and UW graduate student) Yizhou Xu. During the course of a stunt-filled chase through the desert, Bond destroys three of the tankers and kills several of Sanchez's men. Although its plotline is largely original, it contains elements of the Fleming novel Live and Let Die and the short story "The Hildebrand Rarity", interwoven with a sabotage premise influenced by Akira Kurosawa's film Yojimbo.  A factor suggested for the poor takings was fierce competition at the cinema, with Licence to Kill released alongside Lethal Weapon 2, Ghostbusters II, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (starring former Bond Sean Connery), and Batman. Also called Panama City. The Isthmus Republic was a democracy that was formed on November 21, 2017. What are synonyms for Republic of Panama? Much of the region is covered by evergreen forests. , John Barry was not available at the time due to throat surgery, so the soundtrack's score was composed and conducted by Michael Kamen, who was known for scoring many action films at the time, such as Lethal Weapon and Die Hard. The Isthmus Republic was a democracy that was formed on November 21, 2017. Rank 1 After its independence from Spain on November 28, 1821, modern-day Panama became a part of the Republic of Gran Colombia which consisted of today's Colombia, Venezuela, Panama, and Ecuador.  In 1985, the Films Act was passed, removing the Eady Levy, resulting in foreign artists being taxed more heavily. a city in and the capital of Panama, at the Pacific end of the Panama Canal. The political struggle between federalists and centralists that followed independence from Spain resulted in a changing administrative and jurisdictional status for Panama. They gradually decrease in height to the center of the isthmus and then begin to climb again towards the Colombian borders, where they again approach 5,000 feet. Panama is a transcontinental country – located in Central America; on the southern edge of the Isthmus of Panama (a narrow strip of land connecting the continents of North and South America). Other locations there included Ernest Hemingway House, Key West International Airport, Mallory Square, St. Mary's Star of the Sea Church for Leiter's wedding and Stephano's House 707 South Street for his house and patio. Details about KP168) Map of American Isthmus Routes for Panama Ship Canal 1926 Print KP168) Map of American Isthmus Routes for Panama Ship Canal 1926 Print Item Information  In October 2008 Time Out re-issued a review of Licence to Kill and also thought that Dalton was unfortunate, saying "one has to feel for Dalton, who was never given a fair shake by either of the films in which he appeared". 28,575 sq.  Seven Mile Bridge towards Pigeon Key was used for the sequence in which the armoured truck transporting Sanchez, following his arrest, is driven off the edge. Budgetary factors resulted in Licence to Kill becoming the first Bond film to be shot entirely outside the United Kingdom: principal photography took place on location in Mexico and the US, while interiors were filmed at Estudios Churubusco instead of Pinewood Studios.  Digital Spy called Dalton the best Bond of the six actors, praising his depth, terming Licence to Kill a "violently enjoyable 007 detour". 1 synonym for Republic of Panama: Panama. , Robert Davi was cast following a suggestion by Broccoli's daughter Tina, and screenwriter Richard Maibaum, who had seen Davi in the television film Terrorist on Trial: The United States vs. Salim Ajami. 3. The republic is divided into the following provinces: (1) Bocas del Toro, (2) Chiriqui, (3) Veraguas, (4) Los Santos, (5) … It was the first Bond film novelisation since James Bond and Moonraker in 1979.  Although both the main plot and title of Licence to Kill owe nothing to any of the Fleming novels, there are elements from the books that are used in the storyline, including a number of aspects of the short story "The Hildebrand Rarity", such as the character Milton Krest. Adam Mars-Jones of The Independent gave the film a mixed review, pointing out that it took out some of the more dated ideas from the Fleming novels, such as imperialism; he wrote that the writers were "trying in effect to reproduce the recipe while leaving out ingredients that would now seem distasteful". *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Bond is then admitted into the inner circle. Andromeda | Geo-Political Minecraft Server, https://andromeda-official.fandom.com/wiki/Isthmus_Republic?oldid=804.  Hibbert concluded that "he may look the part, but Timothy Dalton fails the boots, the scuba gear, or the automobiles left him by Moore and Connery. Beaubo did not like this, and declared war on Switzerland. Sanchez bribes DEA agent Ed Killifer and escapes.  The adaptation closely follows the film story, although the ending is briefer, and James Bond is not drawn to resemble Timothy Dalton after Dalton refused to allow his likeness to be licensed.  To portray Sanchez, Davi researched the Colombian drug cartels and how to do a Colombian accent, and since he was method acting, he would stay in character off-set. Synonyms for Republic of Panama in Free Thesaurus. Bond pursues them by plane, with Bouvier at the controls. Noun 1.  The result was so gruesome that it was shortened and toned down to avoid censorship problems. When Bond learns Sanchez has escaped, he returns to Leiter's house to find Leiter has been maimed and that Della has been murdered—and by implication raped. While the capital was located in Costa Rica, the republic was usually referred to as the Panaman state. Hedison was the only actor to play Leiter twice, until Jeffrey Wright appeared in both Casino Royale and Quantum of Solace.  While China was visited after an invitation by its government, the idea fell through partly because the 1987 film The Last Emperor had removed some of the novelty from filming in China.  MGM also discarded a campaign created by advertising executive Don Smolen, who had worked in the publicity campaign for eight previous Bond films, emphasising the rougher content of the film. Licence to Kill was the first film in the series to not use the title of an Ian Fleming story. Republic of Panama - a republic on the Isthmus of Panama; achieved independence from Colombia in 1903 Panama Panama Canal - … , Principal photography ran from 18 July to 18 November 1988. DEA agents collect MI6 agent James Bond and his friend, CIA agent Felix Leiter, on their way to Leiter's wedding in Key West, to have them assist in capturing drugs lord Franz Sanchez. " Corliss found Dalton "misused" in the film, adding that "for every plausible reason, he looks as bored in his second Bond film as Sean Connery did in his sixth. See more ideas about isthmus of panama, art, painting.  Milton Krest's death used a prosthetic head which was created by John Richardson's team based on a mould of Anthony Zerbe's face.  The aquatic battle between Bond and the henchmen required two separate units, a surface one led by Arthur Wooster which used Dalton himself, and an underwater one which involved experienced divers. For the location of Licence to Kill co-producer Michael G. Wilson created the Republic of Isthmus, a banana republic based on Panama, with the pock-marked Sanchez bearing similarities to General Manuel Noriega. " This use of the cocaine-smuggling backdrop put Licence to Kill alongside other cinema blockbusters, such as the 1987 films Lethal Weapon, Beverly Hills Cop II and RoboCop, and Bond was seen to be "poaching on their turf" with the drug-related revenge story. The Republic of Panama grants to the United States all rights which it now has or hereafter may acquire to the property of the New Panama Canal Company and the Panama Railroad Company as a result of the transfer of sovereignty from the Republic of Columbia to the Republic of Panama over the Isthmus of Panama and authorizes the New Panama Canal Company to sell and transfer to the United States its … It is an undeveloped, uncultivated land, that contains only a single house. Bond and Leiter capture Sanchez by attaching a hook and cord to Sanchez's plane and pulling it out of the air with a Coast Guard helicopter. Regime Sanchez attacks Bond with a machete aboard the final remaining tanker, which crashes down a hillside. Originally titled Licence Revoked in line with the plot, the name was changed during post-production due to American test audiences associating the term with driving. It was located in Central America, owning the countries of Panama, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua. Republic of Panama synonyms, Republic of Panama pronunciation, Republic of Panama translation, English dictionary definition of Republic of Panama. The Isthmus of Perekop (Ukrainian: Перекопський перешийок; transliteration: Perekops'kyy pereshyyok; Russian: Перекопский перешеек; transliteration: Perekopskiy peresheek, Crimean Tatar: Or boynu, Turkish: Orkapı; Greek: Τάφρος; transliteration: Taphros) is the narrow, 5–7 kilometres (3.1–4.3 mi) wide strip of land that connects the Crimean Peninsula to the mainland of Ukraine. 10. Hedison did not expect to return to the role, saying "I was sure that [Live and Let Die] would be my first – and last" and Glen was reluctant to cast the 61-year-old actor, since the role included a scene parachuting. Founder After filming wide shots of David Hedison and Dalton parachuting, closer shots were made near the church location. km). Bouvier arrives shortly afterward, and picks up Bond. During Sanchez's presentation to potential Asian customers, Dario discovers Bond and betrays him to Sanchez.  Talisa Soto was picked from twelve candidates because Davi said he "would kill for her". Motto The Panama Canal, a famous feat of human engineering, cuts through its center.... +91 890 100 45 67 He seeks Sanchez's employment by posing as an assassin for hire. Bond starts a fire in the laboratory, but is captured again and placed on the conveyor belt that drops the brick-cocaine into a giant shredder. The Federal Republic of The Tehuantepec Isthmus is a massive, cultured nation, notable for its punitive income tax rates, devotion to social welfare, and stringent health and safety legislation. It was located in Central America, owning the countries of Panama, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua. , There were also issues with the promotion of the film: promotional material in the form of teaser posters created by Bob Peak, based on the Licence Revoked title and commissioned by Albert Broccoli, had been produced, but MGM decided against using them after American test screenings showed 'Licence Revoked' to be a common American phrase for the withdrawal of a driving licence. , Initially Vic Flick, who had played lead guitar on Monty Norman's original 007 theme, and Eric Clapton were asked to write and perform the theme song to Licence to Kill and they produced a theme to match Dalton's gritty performance, but the producers turned it down and instead Gladys Knight's song and performance was chosen. San Jose  Domark also published a video game adaptation, 007: Licence to Kill, to various personal computers..  During one of the takes, a malfunction of the harness equipment caused Hedison to fall on the pavement. " Overall Arnold sees that there is a "failure to recognize that Bond productions are simply too extravagant to permit an uncompromised return to first principles. , The initial outline of what would become Licence to Kill was drawn up by Wilson and Maibaum. Panama is bordered by Columbia to the southeast and by Costa Rica to the west. Most were given improvements to their engines to run faster, while one model had an extra steering wheel on the back of the cabin so a hidden stuntman could drive while Carey Lowell was in the front and another received extra suspension on its back so it could lift its front wheels. The film would retain a realistic style, as well as showing the "darker edge" of the Bond character.  The parallels between the two figures were based on Noriega's political use of drug trafficking and money laundering to provide revenues for Panama. While the capital was located in Costa Rica, the republic was usually referred to as the Panaman state.  Summing up, Groen thought "Actually, that dialogue ... ain't bad. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. " Malcolm praised the way the film attempted "to tell a story rather than use one for the decorative purposes of endless spectacular tropes. Bond meets and teams up with Pam Bouvier, a pilot and DEA informant, at a Bimini bar, and journeys with her to the Republic of Isthmus.  The novel Live and Let Die provided the material surrounding Felix Leiter's mauling by a shark, whilst the film version of the book provided the close similarity between the main villain, Mr. Big, and Licence to Kill's main villain Sanchez. info)), is the largest country in. He then rejects Lupe's advances and romances Bouvier instead. Citizens The pressure and heat caused by this collision led to the formation … Free shipping , Licence to Kill was also adapted as a forty-four-page, colour graphic novel, by writer and artist Mike Grell (also author of original-story Bond comic books), published by Eclipse Comics and ACME Press in hardcover and trade editions in 1989. Two Hong Kong Narcotics Bureau officers foil Bond's attempt to assassinate Sanchez and take him to an abandoned warehouse. Sanchez shuts Krest into a decompression chamber and cuts the oxygen cord, causing Krest to explosively decompress to his death. Sanchez's men rescue him and kill the officers, believing them to be the assassins. However, it had potential to be extremely powerful, having 4 citizens. Antonyms for Republic of Panama. , Derek Malcolm in The Guardian was broadly approving of Licence to Kill, liking the "harder edge of the earlier Bonds" that the film emulated, but wishing that "it was written and directed with a bit more flair. Shortly after The Living Daylights was released, producer Albert R. Broccoli and writers Michael G. Wilson and Richard Maibaum started discussing its successor. Bond becomes a rogue agent, although he later receives unauthorised assistance from Q. , The script—initially called Licence Revoked—was written with Dalton's characterisation of Bond in mind, and the obsession with which Bond pursues Sanchez on behalf of Leiter and his dead wife is seen as being because "of his own brutally cut-short marriage". The 2012 video game 007 Legends features a level based on Licence to Kill with Carey Lowell reprising her role by providing the voice for the Pam Bouvier character. Republic of Panama - a republic on the Isthmus of Panama; achieved independence from Colombia in 1903 Panama Panama Canal - a ship canal 40 miles... Republic of Panamá - definition of Republic of Panamá by The Free Dictionary " Overall French called Licence to Kill "an entertaining, untaxing film". Isthmus of Panama, an isthmus … January 7 Birth Day Indian actress Bipasha Basu. isthmus-of-panama | definition: the isthmus that connects Central America and South America; was formerly called the Isthmus of Darien | synonyms: Isthmus of Darien, Republic of Panama, Panama Synonym.com is the web's best resource for English synonyms, antonyms, and definitions. GalacticFurai then began attacking oPeriander as a joke, yet was met by disapproval, and Csavil left. Shooting began in Mexico, which mostly doubled for the fictional Republic of Isthmus: locations in Mexico City included the Biblioteca del Banco de Mexico for the exterior of El Presidente Hotel and the Casino Español for the interior of Casino de Isthmus whilst the Teatro de la Ciudad was used for its exterior. , The scene where Sanchez's plane is hijacked was filmed on location in Florida, with stuntman Jake Lombard jumping from a helicopter to a plane and Dalton himself being filmed atop the aircraft. This text provides Garay's own perspective on his plans for the future of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. There is a weary and repetitive note to the frenzy. Shooting began in Mexico on 18th July 1988, which mostly doubled for the fictional Republic of Isthmus: locations in Mexico City included the Bibliot… , Davi later helped with the casting of Sanchez's mistress Lupe Lamora, by playing Bond in the audition. Film ratings organisations had objections to the excessive and realistic violence, with both the Motion Picture Association of America and the British Board of Film Classification requesting content adaptations, with the BBFC in particular demanding the cut of 36 seconds of film. The definitive 007 film ranking – from awful to awesome", "The Raymond Benson CBn Interview (Part I)", Actors considered for the James Bond role, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Licence_to_Kill&oldid=1000784588, Films based on multiple works of a series, Films with screenplays by Richard Maibaum, Films with screenplays by Michael G. Wilson, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 18:20. He discovers that Sharkey has been killed by Sanchez's henchmen. Lopez is first seen meeting with Sanchez … Licence to Kill is a 1989 spy film, the sixteenth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, and the second (and last) to star Timothy Dalton in the role of the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. " Raymond Benson, the author of nine Bond novels, said of the film: "It boggles my mind that Licence to Kill is so controversial.  Robinson thought that Dalton's Bond "has more class" than the previous Bonds and was "a warmer personality". High-DefDigest (2012), David Williams.  The associated rising costs to Eon Productions meant no part of Licence to Kill was filmed in the UK, the first Bond film not to do so. , After Carey Lowell was chosen to play Pam Bouvier, she watched many of the films in the series for inspiration. Isthmus of Panama. oPeriander Isthmus of Suez: It is a neck of land, located in Northeastern Egypt, 116 km (72 mi) wide, connecting the continents of Asia and Africa and separating the Mediterranean Sea from the Red Sea. " Berardinelli gave the film three out of a possible four stars, adding "Licence to Kill may be taut and gripping, but it's not traditional Bond, and that, as much as any other reason, may explain the public's rejection of this reasonably well-constructed picture. Csavil " In 2006, IGN ranked Licence to Kill fifteenth out of the then 21 Bond films, claiming it is "too grim and had strayed too far from the Bond formula. Beauty. The injury made him limp for the remainder of filming. Abstract Background : Epicardial to endocardial breakthrough (EEB) exists widely in atrial arrhythmia and is a cause for intractable CTI‐dependent AFL. mi. Bond boards Krest's ship Wavekrest and foils Sanchez's latest drug shipment, stealing five million dollars in the process. The film earned over $156 million worldwide, and enjoyed a generally positive critical reception, with ample praise for the stunts, but attracted some criticism for its significantly darker tone than its predecessors, which carried into Dalton's portrayal of the character.  The screenplay was not ready by the time casting had begun, with Carey Lowell being auditioned with lines from A View to a Kill. There's really more of a true Ian Fleming story in that script than in most of the post-60s Bond movies. While Lowell wore a wig for the scenes set in the United States, a scene where Bouvier is given money and told by Bond to go and buy some new clothes (and, going off and doing so, also has her hair cut) was added so that Lowell's own short hair style could be used. Located in Central America, occupies the Isthmus of Panama, or Darien, which extends east and west between the Caribbean Sea, on the north, and the Pacific Ocean, on the south. They discover a marine research centre run by Krest, where Sanchez has hidden cocaine and a submarine for smuggling. Government Type  Glen said he picked Kamen, feeling he could give "the closest thing to John Barry.". Its story sees Bond being suspended from MI6 as he pursues drug lord Franz Sanchez, who has ordered an attack against his CIA friend Felix Leiter and the murder of Felix's wife during their honeymoon.  and Highdefdigest awarded it four out of five stars when re-released on Blu-ray. The isthmus consists of a sandy, low, and stony desert, with the lowest depressions occupied by salt lakes and marshes. [...] The sex is low key and off-screen but there is a smirking perverse undertow which makes the film more disagreeable than a slasher movie.".  The actor also learned scuba diving for the scene where Sanchez is rescued from the sunken armoured car. Official Language(s) $15.99. Burning alive, Sanchez stumbles into the wrecked tanker, destroying it. Sanchez has Leiter lowered into a tank holding a tiger shark. Licence to Kill is a 1989 spy film and the sixteenth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, and the last to star Timothy Dalton in the role of the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. , The Licence to Kill screenplay was novelised by the then-novelist of the Bond series John Gardner. Isthmus Republic a republic in southern Central America. Panama is a country on the isthmus linking Central and South America. ", For the Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail, Rick Groen wrote that in Licence to Kill "they've excised Bond from the Bond flicks; they've turned James into Jimmy, strong and silent and (roll over, Britannia) downright American", resulting in a Bond film that is "essentially Bond-less". Bond receives a call from Leiter telling him that M has congratulated him for his work and offers him his job back.  British GQ considers it the most underrated in the series, thinking the change in tone caused upset among fans. Under centralism Panama was established as the Department of the Isthmus and during federalism as the Sovereign State of Panama. "The GQ Guide to James Bond: Licence to Kill", Hugh Armitage and Morgan Jeffery, "James Bond actors ranked: Who wore the tux best?  The film grossed a total of £7.5 million (£19 million in 2021 pounds) in the United Kingdom, making it the seventh-most successful film of the year, despite the 15 certificate which cut down audience numbers.  The writers eventually decided on a setting in a tropical country while Broccoli negotiated to film in Mexico, at the Estudios Churubusco in Mexico City.  The end credits feature the Top 10 R&B hit "If You Asked Me To", sung by Patti LaBelle.  Bond, with Leiter's friend Sharkey, start their own investigation. Sixteen eighteen-wheeler tankers were used, some with modifications made by manufacturer Kenworth at the request of driving stunts arranger Rémy Julienne. The Republic of Panama as a part of Central America faces many threats with national and international reaches. (74,010 sq. Viva la Unión del Istmo! English, Spanish  Pinewood Studios, used in every previous Bond film, undertook only the post-production and sound re-recording. The Civil Code Of The Republic Of Panama And Amendatory Laws Continued In Force In The Canal Zone, Isthmus Of …  Wilson compared the script to Akira Kurosawa's Yojimbo, where a samurai "without any attacking of the villain or its cohorts, only sowing the seeds of distrust, he manages to have the villain bring himself down". Esquire (2014), Zyber, Joshua. Sanchez takes Bond to his base, which is disguised as the headquarters of a religious cult. Bond then reveals his cigarette lighter—the Leiters' gift for being the best man at their wedding—and sets Sanchez on fire. , Celebrating the twenty-fifth anniversary of the film, Esquire's Bob Sassone urged readers to give it a second look. 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