creates new Department of Elderly Affairs. 1559 - Tristán de Luna y Arellano led another attempt by Europeans to colonize Florida. They established St. Augustine, the first permanent European settlement. built. All documents are from the collections of the State Library and Archives of Florida. Florida's population grew considerably at this time. 1954 - The US Supreme Court ruled segregation of public schools unconstitutional. America's history is not static. Florida, which joined the union as the 27th state in 1845, is nicknamed the Sunshine State and known for its balmy climate and natural beauty. 1990 - Panama's governor Manuel Noriega is brought to Miami in January for trial on drug charges. 1976 - Former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter tops Alabama Governor George C. Wallace and 10 other Democrats in Florida's Presidential Preference As they grew in number, billions in aid. Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in August results in massive state National Guard and Army Reserve unit callup. 1539 - Hernando de Soto explores the region searching for gold. against Spain. Treasure hunter Mel Fisher continues to salvage vast amounts of gold and silver from his discovery of the Spanish galleon 150,000 already there. Railroads expanded to Key West in 1912, opening new land for development. Republican incumbent Bob Martinez in governor's race. The first people reached Florida before 10,000 BC. imagination, revitalizing interest and tourism for South Florida. 1972 - Apollo 16, despite a guidance malfunction, lands on the Moon for three days of exploration and returns to Earth without further incident. Paula Hawkins becomes the 1987 - Bob Martinez is the first person of Spanish ancestry to become governor of Florida. The original source is given at the end of each article. Outgoing Governor Martinez in November was named the nation's drug czar. 1988 - Florida once again becomes the center for America's space program. Mar 27, 1513. Previously the Legislature timeline Circle K’s success in the convenience retailing industry spans more than 60 years. - Thousands of Cubans fled Cuba and settled in Florida. people later would be called the First Seminole War. Although a pro-choice Democrat she managed to win reelection four times in a conservative stronghold, the last time The hurricane destroyed 25,000 homes and damaged 10,000 others. Each card cleanly displays the date, a description of the event, and a picture. Virgil Grissom on July World War II (1939-1945) provided several government jobs as military bases were established along the coast of Florida. who had served in the military remained in Florida. The grand opening of the Museum of Botany and Fine Arts at Gerald R. Ford over former California Governor Ronald Reagan. 1868 - Florida was readmitted to the Union with a new state constitution guaranteeing civil rights and giving blacks the right to vote. the Indians developed more complex economic and social organization. Six-year old Elian Gonzalez taken from relatives' home by federal officers; reunited with his father and returned to Cuba; Florida Supreme Court ordered recount of presidential election ballots, George Bush declared winner, Racer Dale Earnhardt killed in accident at Daytona 500, anthrax bacteria found at offices of Florida magazine publishers. Florida History Firsts & State Facts 1539 - Safety Harbor is the home of the historic Espiritu Santo Springs. Archaeologists uncovered the first evidence of De Soto's 1539 winter encampment in Tallahassee. You can use these as center activities, group assignments, or even as an Interactive bulletin board. A Brief History. The Constitution is amended to authorize sale of state bonds to construct buildings at universities, colleges and vocational Walt Disney World opens October 1st. 1985 - Florida's state park system marks its 50th anniversary. Florida Frontiers: The Weekly Newspaper Articles of the Florida Historical Society is a weekly newspaper article covering history-based events, exhibitions, activities, places and people in Florida. After 1,500 BC they also built burial mounds. 1978 - Jesse J McCrary, Jr. is appointed Secretary of State by Governor Reubin Askew on July 19, the second black to serve as Secretary of nation. President Richard M. Nixon orders a halt to the Cross Florida Barge Canal after $50 million has been spent on system. He claimed the region for Spain but was unable Miami Dolphins complete undefeated season and win Super Bowl. Deepest cave-diving expedition at Wakulla Springs in north Florida, an agricultural and hunting economy organized around village life typical! 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