5:17 ) If, though, you look up this text in many modern translations, you will likely find “You must not murder” or “You must not commit murder.” This translation has been used by many to support their pacifist desires. Killing animals is not murder. What's the origin of the phrase 'Thou shalt not kill'? 565–773, John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion, Chapter 8, Part III, Section 39, John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion, Chapter 8, Part III, Section 40, Matthew Henry’s Commentary on Exodus 20 :13, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, "Chapter 2 - Thou Shalt Not Kill - The Christian case against compassionate killing". is the word in the original text that is translated as "murder", but it has a wider range of meanings, generally describing destructive activity, including meanings "to break, to dash to pieces" as well as "to slay, kill, murder". Christians are therefore required to faithfully perform that which is within their power to defend the life of their neighbor, be vigilant in warding off harm, and assist in removing danger when it comes. "[81], In The Institutes of the Christian Religion, John Calvin viewed the purport of this commandment as the safety of all being entrusted to each person. Reset It is forbidden to refrain from saving life when it is in one's power to do so, as it says "You shall not stand on your friend's blood"(Leviticus 19:16). 19 Neither shalt thou steal. Exodus 23:7 "[28] This expresses the idea that those guilty of certain actions have brought the shedding of blood upon themselves, and those carrying out due punishment do not bear bloodguilt. The Bible says that wars come because of the sinfulness of the human heart. I may not know Hebrew, but I know of many scholars who do, and they all agree that the proper translation of Exodus 20:13 is “Thou shalt not murder.” The command which God gave to Moses literally says, "You shall do no murder.". [64], The Catechism states that abortion is a grave moral evil because the act takes an innocent human life: human life must be respected and protected absolutely from the moment of conception. Set aside cities of refuge for those who commit accidental homicide (Deuteronomy 19:3) Thus, we read: “I will kill and I will make to live.”[5] It is, therefore, lawful for a judge to kill according to a mandate from God, since in this God operates, and every law is a command of God: “By Me kings reign, and lawgivers decree just things.”[6] And again: “For if thou dost that which is evil, fear; for he beareth not the sword in vain. English Revised Version Thou shalt do no murder. Dau Published in: Triglot Concordia: The Symbolical Books of the Ev. 14 Thou shalt not commit adultery. Endangering others with excesses speed or drunkenness on the roadway incurs grave guilt. Today, the Lutheran Church of Australia recognises conscientious objection to war as Biblically legitimate. This means that a person presumably could violate this commandment in war, but all war is not forbidden by this commandment. "If a thief is caught breaking in and is struck so that he dies, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed; but if it happens after sunrise, he is guilty of bloodshed."[35]. Thou shalt not make . 13 Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt not kill. These words are the basis for modern capital punishment, which is not the taking of a life by another person but the forfeiting of the right to life in a society by violating the laws of a land. 495. Deuteronomy 20:10–18 establishes rules on killing civilians in warfare: As described in the Torah, the ancient understanding of the prohibition of murder made an exception for legitimate self-defense. 494. Exodus 21 mentions a number of offenses for which a person forfeited his right to life; and, remember if you would, that it was God who gave those commandments and injunctions. For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt … What constitutes adultery is not plainly defined in this passage of the Bible, and has been the subject … Thou shalt not kill. The Torah portrays murder as a capital crime and describes a number of details in the moral understanding and legal implementation of consequences. We have now completed both the spiritual and the temporal government, that is, the divine and the paternal authority and obedience. Don't cause loss of human life (through negligence) (Deuteronomy 22:8) Prayer Team Exodus 20:13 - RHE - Thou shalt not kill Study verse in the Douay-Rheims Bible The Hebrew verb רצח ‎ (r-ṣ-ḥ, also transliterated retzach, ratzákh, ratsakh etc.) Jesus said there would be wars with us until He finally returns and establishes His own kingdom (Matthew 24:6‑8). This study is about only one of these commandments, the sixth, which is most usually stated as “Thou shalt not kill” (Exodus 20:13, KJV). See Deuteronomy 5:15–19 in the Bible. To be clear of the crime of murder, it is not enough to refrain from shedding man's blood. [11] Following the advice of his father, Solomon ordered that Joab be killed: Strike him down and bury him, and so clear me and my father's house of the guilt of the innocent blood that Joab shed. Leviticus 20, 2 Samuel 1:16, Ezekiel 18:13, Matthew Henry’s Commentary on Exodus 20:13, Exodus 34:10–14, Deuteronomy 7:7–26, Later generations have given great consideration to the question of what constitutes "legitimate battle. For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt … Justified killing: due consequence for crime, Suicide, euthanasia, health, intoxication, Reformation and Post-Reformation doctrines, Commentary on Exodus 20, The Jewish Study Bible, Oxford University Press, 2004, p. 150, The Ten Commandments, William Barclay, Westminster John Knox Press, 1998, p. 52, The Ten Commandments, G. Cambell Morgan, Flaming H. Revell, 1901, pp. A representative modern summary of Jewish teaching regarding the sanctity of human life ratsach,3 which nearly always refers to killing... 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