Karachi was once the capital of Pakistan until Islamabad was constructed. Of the total urban population of the province, 68% is concentrated in three major cities – Karachi, Hyderabad and Sukkur. [109] Zia's Islamization policies lead the Westernized upper-middle classes of Karachi to largely withdraw from the public sphere, and instead form their own social venues that became inaccessible to the poor. Karachi is also the terminus of the N-5 National Highway which connects the city to the historic medieval capital of Sindh, Thatta. The city has a sizable community of Gujarati, Marathi, Konkani-speaking refugees. [144] As per the 1998 census, the linguistic breakdown of Karachi Division is: The category of "others" includes Gujarati, Dawoodi Bohra, Memon, Marwari, Dari, Brahui, Makrani, Hazara, Khowar, Gilgiti, Burushaski, Balti, Arabic, Farsi and Bengali. The 2017 census numerated Karachi's population to be 14,910,352, having grown 2.49% per year since the 1998 census, which had listed Karachi's population at approximately 9.3 million. Recommend 0. The second corridor connects Surjani Town with Shahrah-e-Faisal over a 19-kilometre span, while the third stretch 28 km (17 1⁄2 mi) and connects Karachi's urban centre to the Gulistan-e-Johar suburb. [88], Sindh's capital was shifted from Hyderabad to Karachi in 1840 until 1843, when Karachi was annexed to the British Empire after Major General Charles James Napier captured the rest of Sindh following his victory against the Talpurs at the Battle of Miani. Karachi is Pakistan’s largest city, with a population of about 17.5 million, of which 2.5 million are political, economic, or illegal migrants. km of land area) The value for Population density (people per sq. [260][261][262][263], The committees for each district devise and enforce land-use and zoning regulations within their district. The Nadirshaw Edulji Dinshaw University of Engineering and Technology (NED), was founded in 1921, and is Pakistan's oldest institution of higher learning. Karachi is the terminus of the M-9 motorway, which connects Karachi to Hyderabad. Karachi is a centre of research in biomedicine with at least 30 public hospitals, 80 registered private hospitals and 12 recognized medical colleges,[272] including the Indus Hospital, Lady Dufferin Hospital, Karachi Institute of Heart Diseases,[273] National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases,[274] Civil Hospital,[275] Combined Military Hospital,[276] PNS Rahat,[277] PNS Shifa,[278] Aga Khan University Hospital, Liaquat National Hospital, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre,[279] Holy Family Hospital[280] and Ziauddin Hospital. According to Nichola Khan Karachi is also the world's largest Muslim city. Karachi's urban area also includes six cantonments, which are administered directly by the Pakistani military, and include some of Karachi's most desirable real-estate. It is expected to supply 650 million gallons daily of potable water to the city, the first phase 260 million gallons upon completion. Population density (/sq mi) 38,213/sq mi. Karachi has a hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh) dominated by a long "Summer Season" while moderated by oceanic influence from the Arabian Sea. [111] The party and its vast network of supporters were targeted by Pakistani security forces as part of the controversial Operation Clean-up in 1992 – an effort to restore peace in the city that lasted until 1994. Demonym. In 2019, Karachi GDP was estimated to be $164 billion and its projected growth rate has remained positive. A fourth corridor that will link Karachi's centre to Karachi's Malir Town is currently under construction. [231], Karachi's public transport infrastructure is inadequate and constrained by low levels of investment. [312] As a result of the Karachi's improved security environment, real-estate prices in Karachi rose sharply in 2015,[313] with a rise in business for upmarket restaurants and cafés. Situated on a coastal plain northwest of Karachi's historic core lies the sprawling district of Orangi. [254] Each council included up to three council secretaries and a number of other civil servants. [49][50] In 1770s, Karachi came under the control of the Khan of Kalat, which attracted a second wave of Balochi settlers. [98], The 1970s saw a construction boom funded by remittances and investments from the Gulf States, and the appearance of apartment buildings in the city. [247] Additionally, Karachi's city-planning authority for undeveloped land, the Karachi Development Authority, is under control of the government, while two new city-planning authorities, the Lyari Development Authority and Malir Development Authority were revived by the Pakistan Peoples Party government in 2011 – allegedly to patronize their electoral allies and voting banks. After the 50s, many non-Muslims left Karachi for India. In 2010, Mercer also found that Karachi was one of the most inexpensive cities in the world to live in. The Dow University of Health Sciences was established in 1945, and is now one of Pakistan's top medical research institutions. Sometimes stated to be amongst the world's most dangerous cities,[293] the extent of violent crime in Karachi is not as significant in magnitude as compared to other cities. ", "Two decades from now, Pakistan will have no Parsis", Jonah Blank, Christopher Clary & Brian Nichiporuk 2014, "In Karachi, 16,562 more vehicles hit the roads each month", "After 15 years, Lyari Expressway finally becomes fully operational", "Thar Express escapes blast near Karachi", "Railways to upgrade waiting halls at 16 major stations", "Karachi-Peshawar railway line being upgraded under CPEC", "Karachi's public transport on the verge of collapse: report", "Karachi's Green Line bus will be more beautiful than Lahore metro: PM Nawaz", "How I'm socially excluded for the mere fact that I'm a wheelchair user", https://nation.com.pk/10-Aug-2020/chairman-railways-visits-kcr-track, https://tribune.com.pk/story/2260409/supreme-court-gives-four-more-months-to-overhaul-railways, https://www.dawn.com/news/1591237/karachi-circular-railway-begins-partial-operations-today, "Karachi Circular Railway Revival, Pakistan", "Manufacturing of orange trains starts, says Kh Hassan", https://tribune.com.pk/story/2264436/turkey-offers-help-in-bringing-iconic-tram-service-back-to-karachi?amp=1, "Pakistan International Airlines – Pakistan International Airlines – PIA", "Sindh govt takes away key municipal function from local bodies", "Land ownership, control and contestation in Karachi and implications for low-income housing", "Culture, Religion and Lifestyle in Karachi", "Korangi notified as sixth district of Karachi", "Former UN staffer being tipped as PM's focal person for polio", "Sindh back to 5 divisions after 11 years – Pakistan Today", "Changing hands: Karachi split into 5 districts", "Welcome to official website of Karachi Metropolitan Corporation", Karachi fits seventh district into its mix – Keamari, Kemari becomes Karachi’s seventh district, Keamari is now 7th district of Karachi city, "SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN PAKISTAN ANNUAL REVIEW 2014–15", "Pakistan to award Karachi water supply project to Frontier Works Organisation", "Ist phase of K-IV project to be completed in June: Gov", "Fed up with no sewers, Pakistan's slum residents go DIY", "Establishment of a Comprehensive Epilepsy Center in Pakistan: Initial Experiences, Results, and Reflections", "Karachi Institute of Heart Diseases (KIHD)", "National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases", Issues in National, Regional, and Environmental Health and Medicine 2013, Endocrine System Diseases: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2013, Mohammad Aslam Uqaili & Khanji Harijan 2011, Kenneth D. Miller M.D. Following the independence of Pakistan, much of Karachi's Sindhi Hindu population left for India while Muslim refugees from India in turn settled in the city. Lahore and Karachi Comparison by area and population Lahore Pakistan: Karachi Pakistan: Population. Each District Municipal Corporation regulate land-use in developed areas, while the Sindh Building Control Authority ensures that building construction is in accordance with building & town planning regulations. Pakistan's rail network, including the Main Line-1 Railway is being upgraded as part of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor, allowing trains to depart Karachi and travel on Pakistani railways at an average speed of 160 km/h (100 mph) versus the average 60 to 105 km/h (35 to 65 mph) speed currently possible on existing track. [216] They established the posh Cincinnatus Town in Garden East as a Goan enclave. [92] By 1924, the Drigh Road Aerodrome was established,[92] now the Faisal Air Force Base. While Italianate buildings remained popular, an eclectic blend termed Indo-Saracenic or Anglo-Mughal began to emerge in some locations. Karachi is home to some of Pakistan's important cultural institutions. Each DMC are also maintains its own municipal record archive, and devises its own local budget. [236][237] In November 2020, the KCR partially revived operations. It then continues north for a few kilometres before turning west, where it intersects the N25. Karachi is also home to the Pakistan Stock Exchange, which was rated as Asia's best performing stock market in 2015 on the heels of Pakistan's upgrade to emerging-market status by MSCI.[143]. The center of Karachi has bazaar-type commercial establishments with high density of population. Karachi est la plus grande ville du Pakistan et la capitale économique et financière du pays. Karachi is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Sindh. [330] The National Stadium hosted two group matches (Pakistan v. South Africa on 29 February and Pakistan v. England on 3 March), and a quarter-final match (South Africa v. West Indies on 11 March) during the 1996 Cricket World Cup. [citation needed] The first opened in 2007 and connects Shah Faisal Town in eastern Karachi to the industrial-estates in SITE Town 10.5 km (6 1⁄2 mi) away. [98] Urdu replaced Sindhi as Karachi's most widely spoken language; Sindhi was the mother tongue of 51% of Karachi in 1941, but only 8.5% in 1951, while Urdu grew to become the mother tongue of 51% of Karachi's population. [185] Muhajirs continued to migrate to Pakistan throughout the 1950s and early 1960s,[186] with Karachi remaining the primary destination of Indian Muslim migrants throughout those decades. [21] Partition resulted in the exodus of much of the city's Hindu population, though Karachi, like most of Sindh, remained relatively peaceful compared to cities in Punjab. It covered many areas including; Karachi west district with 3,914,757 population; Baldia Sub division with 832,768 population; I.T.E sub division with 404,757 population Karachi's first public university's date from the British colonial era. [76] This road would eventually be further developed by the British into Bandar Road, which was renamed Muhammad Ali Jinnah Road. The inaugural first-class match at the National Stadium was played between Pakistan and India on 26 February 1955 and since then Pakistani national cricket team has won 20 of the 41 Test matches played at the National Stadium. The World Factbook on Pakistan. Karachi has proliferated in the last few decades, and the metropolitan area has more than 23 million people, with a population density of over 24,000 people per square kilometer, or 63,000 per square mile. The 2017 census numerated Karachi's population to be 14,910,352, having grown 2.49% per year since the 1998 census, which had listed Karachi's population at approximately 9.3 million. Bahria University (BU) founded in 2000, is one of the major general institutions of Pakistan with their campuses in Karachi, Islamabad and Lahore offers degree programs in Management Sciences, Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Psychology. 3 530 km 2. The city is one of the most secular cities in Pakistan, permitting many religious groups to practice without persecution, though it is common for many groups to live in their won enclaves throughout the city. The British embarked on major works to transform the city into a major seaport, and connected it with their extensive railway network. Each Union Council had thirteen members elected from specified electorates: four men and two women elected directly by the general population; two men and two women elected by peasants and workers; one member for minority communities; two members are elected jointly as the Union Mayor (Nazim) and Deputy Union Mayor (Naib Nazim). In November 2013, a sixth DMC, Korangi District was carved out from District East. [2], Karachi of the 1960s was regarded as an economic role model around the world, with Seoul, South Korea, borrowing from the city's second "Five-Year Plan". The Mock Tudor architectural style was introduced in the Karachi Gymkhana and the Boat Club. The Sindh Madressatul Islam founded in 1885, was granted university status in 2012. A few years later in 1846, Karachi suffered a large cholera outbreak, which led to the establishment of the Karachi Cholera Board (predecessor to the city's civic government).[89]. The city's population by 1961 had grown 369% compared to 1941. [2] The Pashtun community forms the bulk of manual labourers and transporters. [180] As a result of continued migration, over 96.5% of the city currently is estimated to be Muslim.[2]. [221] According to Framji Minwalla approximately 1,092 Parsis left in Pakistan.[222]. [29] The 2017 census numerated Karachi's population to be 14,910,352, having grown 2.49% per year since the 1998 census, which had listed Karachi's population at approximately 9.3 million. Each committee also manages water supply, sewage, and roads (except for 28 main arteries, which are managed by the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation). [93] Recorded crimes sharply decreased following a controversial crackdown operation against criminals, the MQM party, and Islamist militants initiated in 2013 by the Pakistan Rangers. A worsening housing crisis high density of small businesses when people migrated from Bangladesh to Karachi 's increasing importance a. 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